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Rainforests are the most productive and most complex ecosystems on Earth. Rainforest, also spelled rain forest, luxuriant forest, generally composed of tall, broad-leaved trees and usually found in wet tropical uplands and lowlands around the Equator. Tropical Rainforests: Hot, wet, and home to millions. This is a family of plants that have stiff, spiked leaves which radiate out from a central point. The tropical rainforest contains far more species of plants and animals than any other biome. It is worth noting that an equatorial climate does not feature in all the areas along the equator, but tropical rainforest microclimates are ty… Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. As much as 50 percent of all the Earth’s species live in tropical rainforests. Due to this, trees … The diagram below shows the Equator and the Tropics. About 80% of the world's documented species can be found in tropical rainforests, even though they cover only about 6% of the Earth's land surface - less than half the area they covered not so very long ago. Tropical Rainforest Biome refers to an ecosystem composed of vast, sprawling forests. Shrub Layer. The world’s tropical regions are located within these two lines. Trees in montane rain forests are often shorter than those in lowland rainforests. A third type, the tropical monsoon forest, resembles the tropical rainforest except for the timing of precipitation. Tropical forests are forested landscapes in tropical regions: i.e. View our Cookie Policy. In Central American rainforests, rival strawberry poison dart frogs might wrestle for up to 20 minutes! For the plant life in tropical latitudes, see tropical vegetation. The Tropical Rainforest is a forest occurring in tropical areas of heavy rainfall. South American tropical rainforests are home to animals such as caimans, jaguars, green anacondas, boa constrictors, harpy eagles, red-eyed tree frogs and howler monkeys. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). They are South America, West Africa, Australia, Southern India and South East Asia. Living Forests Report: Chapter 1 "Forests for a living planet", closed canopy forests growing within 28 degrees north or south of the equator. They are very wet places, receiving more than 200 cm rainfall per year, either seasonally or throughout the year. Flooded forests occur where the land is often flooded by freshwater, and monsoon forests have high seasonal rainfall interspersed with dry spells. WWF is committed to conserving the world's rainforests, not only because of the incredible wealth of plants and animals, but for the benefit of the indigenous peoples who call these forests their home. Tropical rainforests can be found in South America (Amazon Rainforest), Africa (African Rainforest), and Southeast Asia (Southeast Asian Rainforest), Madagascar, and that's all. As you can see, tropical rainforests are home to many varied animal species, and we’re only just scratching the surface. True to its name, these forests experience quite … The tropical rainforest biome is an ecosystem that covers about 7% of the Earth’s surface. Assisting tropical countries to save their rainforests - through creating protected areas, exploring ways to use forests wisely and promoting purchasing of responsible forest products - is a priority for WWF. No other habitat on Earth is home to as many different species. Tropical regions – and therefore tropical rainforests –  are found near the Equator, an imaginary line that circles the globe, dividing the northern and southern hemispheres. It covers about 7% of the Earth’s surface and forms one of the most massive biomes. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. Equatorial climate is prevalent in regions with the latitudes of at most ten degrees North and South of the equator, and the Intertropical Convergence Zone dominates these regions. Large Flying Fox. About; Contact . You can find out more about rainforest animals here: You can find out more about deforestation here: You can find out where the world’s rainforests are located here: Find out more about the world’s most famous rainforest here: You can find out more about the layers of a tropical rainforest here: You’ll find an illustrated list that includes many of the most amazing rainforest animals here: You can read more about rainforest plants here: Learn more about the animals that live in tropical rainforests: Discover the plants that grow in tropical rainforests: Find out more about rain forests – visit our main, Rainforest Animals List with Pictures and Facts, Australian Birds List with Pictures, Facts and Information, Clouded Leopard Facts For Kids & Students: Pictures, Information & Video, Animals That Start With L: List With Pictures & Facts, Desert Animals: A List Of Animals That Live In The Desert With Pictures & Facts – Plus FREE question sheet, Nine-Banded Armadillo Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information, Bighorn Sheep Facts: Discover The Largest Sheep Native To North America, American Alligator Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. They’re also home to indigenous tribes, with their own languages and cultures. Most rainforests receive over 2,000 mm (80 in.) WWF has been working to save rainforests for more than 35 years. Copyright © 2020 The presence of hot, humid climate enables these plant species to thrive. Orchids are a type of epiphyte plant that grows in the tropical rainforests. Here you will find shrubs, growing trees and vines. Stay updated - subscribe to our newsletter. As you might have guessed from the name, rainforests are forests that get a lot of rain. More specifically between the Tropic Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. There are several different types of tropical rainforest. Tropical rainforests in the world harbor an astonishing range of plant species. Rainforests cover less than two percent of the Earth's surface. Montane rainforests are found at higher altitudes. True rainforests are typically found between 10 degrees north and south of the equator (see map); they are a sub-set of the tropical forest biome that occurs roughly within the 28-degree latitudes (in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn Other well-known rainforests include Africa’s Congo rainforest, Australia’s Daintree Rainforest, and the rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo. A rainforest is a forest that grows in an area with a high rainfall. In African tropical rainforests you’ll find leopards, African forest elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, okapis, parrots and hornbills. In tropical and temperate rainforests, weather patterns follow two primary seasons, wet and dry. They are cooler, and are often covered in mist. Tropical rainforests are forests with tall trees, warm climates, and lots of rain. TROPICAL RAINFOREST INFORMATION FOR KIDS By Rhett A. Butler Last update: JULY 19, 2020 . - helping children learn about the rainforest Mongabay is the world's most popular site about the rainforest. The moist tropical rainforests are the home of many plants and animals. Today, work continues in key areas like Peru's Manu Biosphere Reserve and the Korup National Park in Cameroon. Tropical Rainforest are located in more than 40 different countries in five main geographical areas around the world. Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! formId: "35dc02bc-53d0-448a-aa66-7c7e81785dbc" © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. What makes a forest a rainforest? Only 2% of the sunlight reaches the understory. During the 100 million years, rain wash the minerals of the soil out which make the soil acidic and poor in nutrients. In this article we’ve found that a tropical rainforest is a rainforest that grows in a tropical region. Tropical rainforests contain more species of plants and animals than any other habitat. Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest. Rainforests do grow outside of the Tropics, in both the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. Some plant species grow pretty quick; others acquire bigger leaves, while others develop excellent defenses against predators. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. Tropical rainforests receive around 100 inches (254 centimeters) of rainfall yearly, and contain tall broad-leaved evergreen trees that form a continuous canopy. hbspt.forms.create({ The soil in tropical rainforests is poor in nutrients and are acidic. portalId: "4783129", The tropical rainforest can be thought of as a superorganism - a living, dynamic entity in its own right. Tropical rainforest precipitation can reach up to 400 inches in one year. More rainforest plants and animals live in the canopy layer than anywhere else. Rainforests are home to a vast number of animals and plants – we’ll meet some of them further down the page – and are therefore extremely important to the world’s biodiversity. }); Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. Wet and Dry Seasons They are primarily found within the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. All of the living things in the tropical rainforest have been molded by the same climatic regime, and each is more or less dependent on the others. Other common tropical diseases include dengue, Chagas disease, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis and African trypanosomiasis. The largest rainforest in the … Below the canopy is the understory (or understorey). Tropical rainforests have more kinds of trees than any other forests in the world. Of course, we’ve only scratched the surface: there are millions of animal and plant species found in the world’s rainforests. Sadly, despite the world’s forested area being a fraction of what it once was, deforestation still continues today. Two types of rainforests are temperate rainforests and tropical rainforests. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Logging interests cut down rain forest trees for timber used in flooring, furniture, and other items. The tropical rainforest is a fascinating part of ecology to study, with its huge variety of plants and animals. Rain forest definition is - a tropical woodland with an annual rainfall of at least 100 inches (254 centimeters) and marked by lofty broad-leaved evergreen trees forming a continuous canopy —called also tropical rain forest. Little light also reaches this layer, as it is still below the main canopy. A rainforest is a dense area of jungle that gets a high amount of rainfall. You can find out more about them on these pages: If you have enjoyed this article, share it on social media using the share buttons at the top of the page! Tropical diseases thrive in the rainforest area because of the hot, humid climate. Rainforests are very bio-diverse and they tend to be thought of as having their own distinct ecosystems. For this reason, they are often known as ‘cloud forests’. They are found all over the world but the majority of the tropical rainforest lies in South America in Brazil. Tropical rainforests are also used for the production of food, medicine, and other products. If the world’s rainforests are destroyed, then many of these species will be lost along with them. Mangrove rainforests grow in coastal regions where the land is often continuously submerged in salty water. In some rainforests it rains more than one inch nearly every day of the year! On average, the tropical rainforest temperatures is between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. You will find tropical rainforest biomes in Australia, the Southeast of Asia, the Southern portion if India, and South America. The tropical rainforest is one of the world’s most threatened biomes, despite being home to some of the most diverse and unique species on the planet.Many of the world’s most colorful creatures reside in rainforests, and animals from tiny organisms to large wild cats find homes amongst the range of plant life. Tropical rainforests follow the Equator around the world. We’ll also find out about the animals that live in rainforests, and why rainforests are so important. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! Tropical rainforests typically have four layers. An example of a temperate rainforest is the Pacific temperate rainforest, which is located on the west coast of the USA and Canada. Lowland primary forest, often characterized by more than five forest tier levels, is usually taller and more diverse than montane forest.

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